Lilacs are hardy bushes that bloom in pink and purple flowers, adding a burst of color to your garden. Although they have long lifespans and can tolerate many conditions, do lilacs require full sun conditions?
Lilacs require full sun to bloom to their maximum potential. If you plant lilacs in a shaded area of the garden, they can survive, but the lack of direct light will reduce the amount of blooms that appear on the plant.
Do Lilacs Need Full Sun or Shade?
Lilacs need full sun instead of shade. They should receive between 6 and 8 hours of sunlight daily as this encourages them to grow healthy and many flowers. They are sun-loving plants that require a lot of energy to grow and bloom, and full sun provides the necessary energy for their growth and development.
In fact, if lilacs are grown in too much shade, they may not bloom as well. Therefore, it is best to plant lilacs in a location that receives full sun for most of the day. However, in hot climates, they may benefit from some afternoon shade to protect them from the intense heat.
Other important things to know about lilacs’ sunlight requirements include the following:
- If they’re kept in full shade, lilac bushes won’t thrive.
- If your lilacs are planted in an area of the garden that receives a bit of shade during the day, such as because the light gets filtered through leaves of taller plants or trees nearby, this won’t have a dramatic effect on them, as long as they still get enough sunlight daily.
- Whatever lilac variety you’re growing, you must ensure that your lilacs get at least six hours of sun per day to encourage their healthy growth.
Can Lilacs Grow in Shade?
Lilac plants will grow in the shade, but they won’t flower as well as shrubs grown in direct sunlight. The shrubs will be sparse instead of overflowing with pretty blooms. The shrubs might also grow smaller as they experience stunted growth.
If you see these symptoms on your lilac bushes, it indicates that they’re not getting enough sun. A lack of light is especially detrimental to young lilac bushes.
When you plant lilac shrubs in the garden, it takes them approximately three years to get established in their environment. The last thing you want is to disrupt their growth process by not giving them enough sunlight every day.
By keeping lilacs in a sunny spot in the garden, you’ll prevent fungal infections from attacking your shrubs.
- Powdery mildew is a fungal infection that affects lilacs if they’re grown in the shade. When you water your lilac bushes, the water won’t evaporate quickly because of a lack of light, and this can lead to infections.
- Powdery mildew is drawn to moist, cool areas.
- This fungus also occurs in areas of the garden where there’s not enough air circulation, such as if your plants are overcrowded.
Can Lilacs Get Too Much Sun?
Lilacs can be exposed to too much sun, which can cause them to burn. If you live in a region that experiences hot weather during summer, especially in the afternoons, this can lead to dry, burned lilac plants.
Sings of sun scorch in lilac bushes include:
- Yellowing flowers
- Drying flowers
- Dark spots on leaves
- Flower buds that feel crinkly, even if they look healthy
If your lilac bushes show any of the above signs of exposure to harsh sun and hot temperatures, you should provide a bit of shade in the afternoons. This could take the form of:
- Planting lilacs in an area of the garden where larger plants’ll slightly shade them during the afternoon.
- Using shade cloth to cover them on particularly hot days.
On hot days, or if your region is experiencing a drought, make sure you keep your lilacs hydrated with more water. This strengthens them to tolerate dry conditions.
How Many Hours of Sun Do Lilacs Need?
Lilacs require between 6 to 8hours of sun per day, but giving them a bit more is even better. Since they can be burned by very hot temperatures and sunlight during the afternoons, aim to give them most of their sun during the mornings when the sun isn’t as harsh.
When planting lilacs, these are some of the most important tips to bear in mind:
- Lilacs need to be planted in full-sun conditions.
- Full sun means that nothing obstructs the light that reaches the lilac bushes.
- Avoid planting lilacs in an area of the garden where they’re too close to larger plants or trees that block out the light they receive.
Can Lilacs Grow in Indirect Sunlight?
If you plant your lilacs in an area of the garden that receives indirect sunlight, the plants will grow but they won’t perform well or bloom many flowers. Even though your lilac bushes might survive in indirect sunlight, they won’t grow as well as they should.
Indirect light is:
- Light that passes through tree leaves or window curtains before reaching the plant.
- Light that gets reflected off a surface before reaching the plant.
Lilacs don’t thrive in indirect light because they need the full strength of the sun in order to grow. When you purchase lilacs from the nursery, their informative tag will state “full sun.” By comparison, plants that can grow healthy in indirect light will have tags reading “partial shade” or “low light.”
What Happens if Lilacs Don’t Get Enough Sun?
If lilacs don’t get enough sun, the following things will happen:
- Your lilac bushes will be sparse. They might grow some flowers, but they won’t grow a full, healthy bush of blooms.
- Your lilacs might stop blooming. If your lilac bush used to flower but now it’s suddenly stopped, the reason could be that the light conditions have changed. For example, surrounding trees could have grown too much, causing more shade on the plants.
- Your lilac’s buds won’t open. If your lilac bush doesn’t receive full sun conditions daily, it might grow buds that remain closed.
- Your lilac bushes will suffer from fungal disease. Powdery mildew is a fungal infection that affects plants grown in partial or full shade conditions, as it’s drawn to conditions that include cool nights and high humidity.
Lilacs that don’t get enough sun will encounter various problems, such as a lack of flowers, the growth of buds that don’t open, and fungal infections, such as powdery mildew.
How to Grow and Care for Lilacs?
You can grow and care for lilacs by ensuring you choose a site for them in the garden that gets at least six to eight hours of direct sunlight every day. This will help them to grow healthy and display many flowers on the plant.
Here are other tips to grow beautiful lilacs in your home garden.
- Plant lilacs in moist, well-draining soil.
- Keep the soil pH around 6 or 7. Lilacs want slightly acidic to alkaline soil.
- Water young lilac bushes every week or two when the surface inch (2.54cm) of soil feels dry. You should do this for the first two years of the bush’s life.
- Once the lilacs are older than two years, you only need to water them when your region experiences a dry spell. Lilacs are tolerant of dry conditions.
- You usually don’t have to feed your lilacs fertilizer, but doing so early in the spring season can help to jumpstart their flower production.
- Choose a balanced 10-10-10 fertilizer that’s of a low-dose variety. This will ensure the plants get enough nutrients without being burned by high doses of nutrients.
- One handful of balanced fertilizer is enough! If you give your lilacs too much, this will prevent them from blooming.
- Cut dead or damaged stems on your lilac bush to make it look attractive.
- You should prune your lilacs after they’ve flowered. This is because lilacs flower on old wood.
- Never over-prune your lilac bushes. If you cut too much off the bush, this can prevent it from flowering for a few years.
- Deadhead young lilac bushes when they bloom. Removing flowers that have wilted encourages the bush to put energy into growing new flowers, which will show up in the following spring.
- Lilac bushes need to be spaced about 10 feet (3m) apart. This ensures that they have enough space in which to grow. It also prevents overcrowding, which can reduce how much sunlight the bushes receive.
When to Plant Lilacs?
- Lilacs should be planted late in the fall before the ground freezes in winter.
- You can plant lilacs in early spring, but make sure the threat of the last frost has passed.
- If you plant lilacs during the summer, they will require more water to keep them hydrated.
How to Take Care of Lilacs in Containers?
Lilacs do well in containers, but they do require some essential care.
- Choose dwarf lilac bushes for containers, such as the Pixie and Purple Gem varieties that stay small.
- Ensure the pot or container that you’ve chosen is large enough so that the root of the lilacs will be supported. Generally, smaller varieties require a pot that’s two feet in width and two feet in height. Increase the size of the pot for larger lilac varieties.
- Make holes in the container so that approximately 20% of the container’s bottom is covered in drainage holes.
- Put your lilac container in full sun, such as in the garden or on a patio. Make sure that the pot receives at least six hours of direct sunlight every day.