13 Different Types of Coconuts That Grow Around the World

In a dog’s age, coconuts have served as a culinary delicacy. In fact, coconuts remain a staple addition to multiple cuisines across the globe.

But their usefulness doesn’t end in the kitchen — the shelly delicacy has seemingly adopted a central role in the skincare industry, transforming it extensively.

Whether it is beauty potions, hair oils, baby care oil products, or everything in between, you will almost find coconut featured on the ingredient list.

Thanks to the multitude of vital vitamins and minerals it packs, coconuts significantly improve your physical health, paving the way for flawless skin and healthy hair.

But what are the different types of coconuts out there? Which ones are deemed more popular than the others? Well, that’s exactly what we will find out in the course of this article.

13 Different Types of Coconuts That Grow Around the World

Coconuts, cherished for their versatility and delicious taste, come in various types worldwide. From distinct shapes to unique flavors, let’s explore 13 different coconut varieties found across the globe.

1. Malayan Yellow Dwarf Coconuts

Malayan Yellow Dwarf Coconuts

These hybrid coconut variants are widely found in tropical areas and have a significantly high yield. Ideally, these coconuts require free and well-drained soil and plenty of organic mulch in the surroundings to thrive best.

As one of the dwarf varieties, the Malayan Yellow Coconuts are deemed to be the most popular of any other type of its kind. They were first developed in the Malaysian region between 1800 and 1900 by early Indonesian planters.

When young, the fruits of these coconuts are pale greenish. However, once they start aging, the leaf stalk and sprouts eventually assume a pale yellowish and brownish hue.

You can find the Malayan Yellow Dwarf in several countries like Thailand, Brazil, and Fiji. Their produce is usually oblong, and the fruits are medium, weighing up to 700 to 800 grams.

2. Fiji Dwarf

dwarf coconut

This variant of coconut has gained massive popularity in Florida over the last couple of decades. While most of the coconut trees of Fiji were destroyed by the 1980s, in the 1990s, the Fiji Dwarf emerged as a lofty tree that is incredibly resistant to this lethal ailment. It has since then been planted in significantly large numbers.

This coconut tree bears a large number of fruits despite being strikingly short. In fact, it’s too short that people can harvest the fruits without the need to use a ladder.

It is important, however, to note that with aging, this tree continues to achieve an excellent height and can grow up to 1 foot annually. 

In addition to disease resistance, this tree comes with multiple other benefits. It appears much lusher when compared to other palms, as the leaves are fuller than those of any other plants. This renders a perfectly full appearance to the canopy. 

The leaflets are wide and much shorter when compared to other coconut palms. The look and appearance of this plant are widely popular among gardeners who prefer keeping trees for their ornamental charm.

One of the biggest qualities of Dwarf Fiji is probably the fact that it is incredibly durable. This robust tree can withstand poor-quality wind, soil, and excessive rainfall. They can successfully thrive in unexpected conditions and are known to have excellent qualities for disease resistance.  According to the US Agricultural Research Service, this tree is certainly a ‘tough nut’.

3. Golden Malay

Golden Malay

Primarily grown in parts of Bulgaria, the Golden Malay is known to be imported right from Indonesia. The coconut species produces stunning fruits with a brownish and bronze tinge that assume a red color once fully ripe.

If growing them outside the tropical region, make sure the trees are sheltered and in a completely warm position. They also thrive pretty well in areas that have plenty of organic mulch along their surroundings. In terms of soil, free-draining soil works best for them and will assume a height of 12 meters and a width of 8 to 12 meters on average.

The bearing of fruits begins early. And as with most other types of coconut, the Golden Malay is known to produce high-quality drinking water. The flesh of the fruit may also be used for cooking.

4. King Coconut

King Coconut

Native to the Sri Lankan region, the King Coconut is abundantly found in several parts of India. It is slightly shorter than the other variants of Palm trees, but this doesn’t compromise on the quality of the fruits.

The King Coconut tree is known to grow at an average height of 20 meters producing more than 20 nuts in a bunch. The nuts appear like football with a long and yet oval structure. The size of the fruits is 20 to 30 cm long, and their skin has a vibrant orangish hue. 

King Coconuts are available throughout the year and are generally harvested after they mature for 7 to 8 months. Their nut tends to produce a sweet yet perfectly flavourful liquid that is cool, hydrates, and refreshes you.

The nutritional value of these coconuts is equally high. They are known to be a primary source of vitamins, amino acids, and other valuable elements like phosphate and potassium.

The most unique factor about these fruits is that their liquid contains more calcium than orange or any other citrusy fruit. So, if you are suffering from bone density issues, this might be one of the best fruits to try.

The King Coconut also contains plenty of bioactive enzymes that boost an individual’s metabolism while also assisting in digestion. They are primarily harvested for their milk and the liquid along the rinds.

5. West Coast Tall Coconut


Popularly known as the Common Tall Variety, the West Coast Tall Coconut can grow in almost every kind of soil. They thrive well in littoral sand and every other kind of soil that can perfectly tolerate moisture.

These trees take around 6 to 7 years to bear fruits, and they can yield almost 80 to 90 nuts or palms annually. These coconuts also yield plenty of water that can later be whipped up into coconut juice.

6. Macapuno Coconut

Macapuno Coconut

Alternatively known as the Kopyor Coconut, this is a dwarf variant of coconut and a type of mutant Tree. Being natural mutants, the flesh of these fruits is soft and almost similar to jelly.

This usually happens due to a form of abnormal growth in the endosperm. Over time, it makes way for an under-nourished or collapsed embryo which further leads to tenderness.

While most Macapuno coconut has the same nutritional properties as regular coconut, the unusual development in the embryo creates a unique shell with jelly-like coconut meat and almost zero liquid. 

This variety of coconut is not as popular as its counterparts. However, they are widely grown in several parts of Asia. In these parts, they are known as a sweet and prized delicacy.

In fact, a large number of Asian desserts are made from these coconuts, and the price of these products is much higher than the price of desserts made from regular coconuts. 

Macapuno coconuts have a firm but soft texture, and their taste is pleasant, nutty, and yet perfect;y sweet. Some of the varieties also contain some oil and proteins and are therefore known for their nutritional value.

7. Panama Tall


Alternatively known as the Pacific Tall, the Panama Tall is a lofty variant with ripe, juicy coconuts. One of the most striking features of the Panama Tall is its close resemblance to the Jamaica Tall tree, only that the former has Umbrella shaped canopies, while the Jamaican Tall appears more perfectly rounded.

The Panama Tall is beautiful and elegant and can withstand adverse weather conditions like storms and winds. It is also known to be one of the most cold-tolerant variants of coconut trees.

Gardeners looking to plant a lofty coconut palm and are bothered about the possible drops in temperature might greatly benefit from this variant of coconut trees.

Upon maturing, these trees can assume a height of 90 feet. But if you want to grow them, keep in mind that they thrive best in hardiness zones of 9 to 11. They require full sun and moderate moisture. So, when it comes to soil types, make sure it is a well-draining variant.

8. Maypan Coconut

Maypan Coconut

Abundantly found in the Jamaican regions, this tree was developed during the mid-nineties during an experiment. At this point, researchers were looking for coconut palms with a high degree of resistance to the dangerous yellowing disease, which affected the growth and development of several coconut trees.

These trees can assume a height of 60 feet, and they thrive well in hardiness zones from 10 to 11. They require full sun, and the moisture requirements are minimal. Being a cross between the Malayan Dwarf and the Panama Tall, this tree is best known as a hybrid.

While it is native to Jamaica, you may also find it in parts of Latin America and Florida.

9. VHC1 Coconut

VHC1 Coconut

A hybrid of the East Coast Tall and the Malayan dwarf, this tree is extremely large and fertile. It produces fruits once it’s about 4 years, and you can expect about 80 to 100 coconut palms annually from this variant.

10. East Coast Tall


With a fruit-bearing time of around 6 to 8 years, this coconut tree yields around 70 nuts annually. The coconut from these trees contains around 64 percent of oil, and they thrive best in loamy soils and any other form of well-drained soil. The East Coast Tall coconut tree is moderately tolerant to lethal pests like bugs, mites, and insects.

11. Tiptur Tall

Tiptur Tall Coconut Plant

The Tiptur Tall is known for its leathery fronds that usually produce around 6 to 12 inches long coconuts. It takes around 6 to 7 years as the fruit-bearing time and can produce around 70 to 80 coconuts annually. Being extremely low-maintenance, this is probably one of the best coconut tree variants for home gardeners.

12. Dwarf Orange


With an average lifespan of 40 years, this tree can assume a lofty height of around 5 meters. It produces orangish coconuts and takes around 3 to 4 years for complete maturation. The coconuts from these trees are best known for their excellent meat content and sweet water.

13. Green Dwarf

Creative Farmer Coconut Mekong Delta Vietnam Green Dwarf Live Plant Vietnam Coconut Tree Plant (PLANT-25-COCONUT#A605ll@)

These coconut trees are known to yield around 60 to 70 palms annually, with fruiting beginning from 3 to 4 years, and are best known for their dark green drupes. The green Dwarf coconut is also susceptible to root wilt disease.


Malayan Yellow Dwarf

Golden Malay

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About Arindom Ghosh

A professional writer, editor, blogger, copywriter, and a member of the International Association of Professional Writers and Editors, New York. He has been part of many reputed domestic and global online magazines and publications. An avid reader and a nature lover by heart, when he is not working, he is probably exploring the secrets of life.