The rich are also responsible for the climate crisis, a new international study has highlighted an enormous chasm in the amount of resources used by the rich compared to the poor not only within their own countries but also compared to an international population, according to a new study published in the journal Nature Energy.
The wealthiest ten percent of people use up about 20 times more overall energy compared to the bottom ten percent, no matter where they are, the researchers found, according to the BBC. The disparity mostly noticed in transportation, where the wealthiest ten percent consume 187 times more fuel than the poorest ten percent.
The researchers from the University of Leeds analysed data from the World Bank and the European Union for calculating the energy consumption of residents in 86 different highly industrialized and developing countries, as per the study. The researchers also study the different energy-intensive goods and services different income groups use and the way different income groups spend their money.
The results showed a huge disparity in energy use with an increase in income. The study found that high-income group spends more of their money on energy-intensive goods, like vacations or new cars or second homes with the requirement of heating and cooling leading to increased inequality in energy use, according to the study.
“There needs to be serious consideration to how to change the vastly unequal distribution of global energy consumption to cope with the dilemma of providing a decent life for everyone while, protecting climate and ecosystems,” Julia Steinberger, a professor at the University of Leeds and author on the paper, said in a University of Leeds statement.
The top ten percent used 187 times the energy for transportation as the bottom ten percent, which is actually more than half the energy used for transportation data showed. Fossil fuels are the source of most of that energy use, according to the University of Leeds.
The disparity of energy used for cooking and heating, was not that significant, however, the wealthiest ten percent roughly use one-third of the energy depending on the size of their home, according to the BBC.
“This study tells relatively wealthy people like us what we don’t want to hear,” Kevin Anderson, a professor from the Tyndall Centre in Manchester, England who was not involved in the study, said to the BBC. “The climate issue is framed by us high emitters – the politicians, business people, journalists, academics. When we say there’s no appetite for higher taxes on flying, we mean we don’t want to fly less. The same is true about our cars and the size of our homes. We have convinced ourselves that our lives are normal, yet the numbers tell a very different story.”
The numbers show the requirement for policies that will curtail excess energy use as per the authors of the study. According to the BBC, it generates a requirement for improved public transportation, higher taxes on bigger vehicles, and also frequent flyer penalties for people taking the most vacations.
Even if the world often criticizes China and India for their dependence on coal energy and outsized greenhouse gas emissions, still the average citizen uses far less energy compared to most Europeans. Only 2 percent of Chinese citizens and 0.02 percent of Indian citizens are in the top 5 percent of energy consumers, the study found.
The contrast is a stark according to the study as in the UK, 20 percent of its citizens are in the top 5 percent, and in Germany 40 percent of its citizens in the top 5 percent, while every single person in Luxembourg is in the top five percent.
“Growth and increased consumption continue to be core goals of today’s politics and economics,” Anne Owen, an author on the paper and a professor in the School of Earth and Environment at the University of Leeds, said in a statement. “The transition to zero carbon energy will be made easier by reduction in demand, which means that top consumers will play an important role in lowering their excess energy consumption.”