What is Sustainable Energy?
Sustainable energy is a form of energy that meet our today’s demand of energy without putting them in danger of getting expired or depleted and can be used over and over again. Sustainable energy should be widely encouraged as it do not cause any harm to the environment and is available widely free of cost. All renewable energy sources like solar, wind, geothermal, hydropower and ocean energy are sustainable as they are stable and available in plenty.
Sun will continue to provide sunlight till we all are here on earth, heat caused by sun will continue to produce winds, earth will continue to produce heat from inside and will not cool down anytime soon, movement of earth, sun and moon will not stop and this will keep on producing tides and the process of evaporation will cause water to evaporate that will fall down in the form of rain or ice which will go through rivers or streams and merge in the oceans and can be used to produce energy through hydropower. This clearly states that all these renewable energy sources are sustainable and will continue to provide energy to the coming generations.
There are many forms of sustainable energy sources that can be incorporated by countries to stop the use of fossil fuels. Sustainable energy does not include any sources that are derived from fossil fuels or waste products. This energy is replenishable and helps us to reduce greenhouse gas emissions and causes no damage to the environment. If we are going to use fossil fuels at a steady rate, they will expire soon and cause adverse affect to our planet.
Fossil fuels are not considered as sustainable energy sources because they are limited, cause immense pollution by releasing harmful gases and are not available everywhere on earth. Fossil fuels normally include coal, oil and natural gas. Steps must be taken to reduce our dependency on fossil fuels as pose dangerous to environment. Most of the counties have already started taking steps to make use of alternative energy sources. As of today, around 20% of world’s energy needs comes from renewable energy sources. Hydropower is the most common form of alternative energy used around the world.
Need for Sustainable Energy
During ancient times, wood, timber and waste products were the only major energy sources. In short, biomass was the only way to get energy. When more technology was developed, fossil fuels like coal, oil and natural gas were discovered. Fossil fuels proved boom to the mankind as they were widely available and could be harnessed easily. When these fossil fuels were started using extensively by all the countries across the globe, they led to degradation of environment. Coal and oil are two of the major sources that produce large amount of carbon dioxide in the air. This led to increase in global warming.
Also, few countries have hold on these valuable products which led to the rise in prices of these fuels. Now, with rising prices, increasing air pollution and risk of getting expired soon forced scientists to look out for some alternative or renewable energy sources. The need of the hour was to look for resources that are available widely, cause no pollution and are replenishable. Sustainable Energy, at that time came into the picture as it could meet our today’s increasing demand of energy and also provide us with an option to make use of them in future also.
Types of Sustainable Energy
Sustainable energy are not just a part of renewable energy sources, they are also the sources of energy that can best be used to power homes and industries without any harmful effects being experienced. This is the sole reason why many people advice the use of these forms of energy in everyday life. It is because its effects to the environment are purely beneficial.
Solar energy is the best form of sustainable energy. This energy manifests itself in tow forms. There is the light and the heat. Both of these forms are equally important to us in our day to day living and other forms of life. For instance, the plants need the light to grow and generate food while man needs the heat energy to maintain body temperature and power their homes and industries. This means that it is the greatest form of sustainable energy. It can be used two folds with greater results as needed. This only serves to generate confidence and ensure that we live the way we intended without causing further harm to the environment.
According to activists, it is the future of energy. Evidence of intensive use of this alternative energy source can be seen everywhere. There are many companies that are making solar panels to tap this energy for use at home or in the industries. Consequently, the energy is also being tapped for commercial purposes in many fields like powering of homes in power grids. All that one needs to do is to get hold of the solar panel and install it in the homes or commercial property. During the summer periods, you can cut down on your energy costs.
Wind is a sustainable energy source. It is available naturally and can be tapped to produce vast amounts of power that can be used in many ways and places. For instance, sailors tap this energy to help the ship propel through its various directions to distant shores for trading. Nowadays, this energy sources is being commercialized. There are many companies that have invested heavily on power grids and windmills to tap into this energy source. The energy generated can be sold to other people to power their homes and industries. In the near future, sustainable energy like wind power will be a big industry and the fossil fuels exploration will have halted and no longer being used.
Geothermal energy allows us fetch the energy from beneath the earth. This occurs by installing geothermal power stations that can use heat coming out from inside the earth and use it to generate electricity. The temperature below the earth around 10,000 meters is so high that it can used to boil water. Geothermal energy cannot be harnessed everywhere as high temperature is needed to produce steam that could move turbines. It can be harnessed in those areas that have high seismic activity and are prone to volcanoes. They are environment friendly and can produce energy throughout the day but their ability to produce energy at suitable regions restricts us from using it on a much wider scale.
There is massive size of oceans in this world. About 70% of the earth is covered with water. The potential that ocean energy has to generate power is much higher than any other source of energy. This sustainable energy allows us to harness it in 3 ways i.e. wave, tidal or ocean thermal energy conversion (OTEC). Tides have immense power which when effectively tapped can generate a lot of energy and can be used to power millions of homes. Waves produced at the oceans can be used by ocean thermal plants to convert the kinetic energy in waves to mechanical energy of turbines which can again converted to electrical energy through generators. Setting up of big plants at ocean may cause ecological imbalance and disturb aquatic life.
Biomass energy is produced by burning of wood, timber, landfills and municipal and agricultural waste. It is completely renewable and does not produce harmful gases like carbon dioxide which is primarily responsible for increase in global warming. Although, carbon dioxide is produced by burning these products but that is equally compensated when plants take this carbon dioxide and produce oxygen. It also helps to reduce landfills but are not as effective as fossil fuels.
On the other hand, there are the rivers or waterfalls whose energy of the moving water is captured that can turn turbines to generate power. This is commonly known as hydroelectric power. It is very common nowadays and it is powering most parts of the world and one of the biggest form of alternative energy currently being used. There are many companies and countries that are exporting this energy to other countries who unable to harness it on their own due to lack of the necessary resources or conditions. The energy is commonly transported in form of power lines to various parts of the country and even outside the country.
These are the three best case examples of sustainable energy forms that are projected to run the world in the near future. They are very sustainable and so not cause any environmental effects. Their inability to be depleted and lack of effect to the environmental makes them a perfect candidate to future energy needs.
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